The chief of the executive branch is the governor who is elected every four years to a four-year term. A governor cannot serve more than two consecutive terms. The governor officially resides at Drumthwacket, located in Princeton but works out of an office in the State House in Trenton. Constitutionally, New Jersey’s chief executive is one of the most powerful governors in the United States. In addition to overseeing the departments, agencies boards and commissions that make up the executive branch, the governor signs bills into law and can call the legislature into special session. The governor has the power to grant pardons and is the only person with the authority to call in the National Guard.
The heads of state agencies are appointed by the governor and approved by the Senate before taking office.
Officials appointed by the governor include the following:
Secretary of State
Secretary of the Department of Agriculture and Commissioners of the Departments of Banking and Insurance, Children and Families, Community Affairs, Corrections, Education, Environmental Protection, Health and Senior Services, Human Services, Labor and Workforce Development, Military and Veterans Affairs, and Transportation
Judges (including the State Supreme Court)
County Boards of Election and Taxation
Members of Boards and Commissions
To become Governor you must be:
at least 30 years old, a U.S. citizen for at least 20 years, and a NJ resident for 7 years prior to the election.
The Legislature's main job is to enact laws. The Legislature can also propose amendments to the New Jersey Constitution.
The Legislature consists of two Houses: a 40-member Senate and an 80-member General Assembly; located in the State House in Trenton.
The Senate has 40 members and the General Assembly has 80 members for the 40 districts of NJ
1 senator assembly members elected from each
Senate President is the leader of the Senate; the Speaker of the General Assembly heads that body.
The Senate and General Assembly meet for about 40 sessions a year. Sessions are held on Mondays and Thursdays. During the rest of the week, the legislators often hold committee meetings or public hearings. Since the legislature does not meet year-round, legislative work is a part-time job. Most legislators have another job as well, and
most legislators have another job.
The President and the Speaker schedule meetings and determine which bills will be considered within their respective houses. They also lead the legislative sessions.
While both houses introduce and vote on bills, the Senate and Assembly have individual powers, too. The Senate approves the governor’s appointees to official positions. The Assembly can bring impeachment charges but the Senate is the court of impeachment in New Jersey, where the charges are tried. Any bills requiring revenue to be raised start out in the Assembly. But, by custom, the Senate handles the state budget.
To become a Legislator you must be:
-living in the district you represent
Senate must be:
-at least 30 years old and residents of the state for 4 years prior to the election.
Assembly must be:
-at least at least 21 and resident of the state for 2 years prior to the election.
The Judicial Branch decides how state laws should be applied. The judges serve
7 year terms, but after they have been re-appointed once, they can serve until they are 70.
The highest court in the judiciary branch is the state Supreme Court. This court hears cases involving constitutional problems and other major matters. The Supreme Court consists of a chief justice and six associate justices.
The chief justice investigates complaints against the courts, supervises the clerks and court workers, and oversees the court finances.
The state Superior Court is divided into the Appellate, Law, and Chancery divisions. Superior Court is where most trials take place. The Appellate Division hears appeals of decisions from lower courts and state agencies. Law hears cases in its Criminal Division and Civil Division. Chancery consists of a General Equity Division and Family Division. General Equity cases involve matters such as contracts. The Family Division deals with family and children's legal matters.
To become a Judge you must be:
Appointed by the Governor and approved by the Senate